The city of Hiroshima estimated that upwards of 200,000 people were killed in connection with the bombing, and largely due to a deadly combination of radiation poisoning and a lack of medical resources because the bomb detonated directly over a city hospital, killing a … PHOTO: On August 6, 1945, one atomic bomb reduced most of Hiroshima to rubble. Less than a month later, atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The skeletal structure of the dome is now known officially as the A-bomb Dome. On this date 74 years ago, the US dropped the first of two atomic bombs on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, killing more than 70,000 people instantly. Rushay said that Hiroshima was one of four potential targets and that Truman left it up to the military to decide which city to strike. ", Truman responded to the Hiroshima resolution by writing a letter to the Council's chairman, saying that "the feeling of the people of your city is easily understood, and I am not in any way offended by the resolution.". "I can never forget," Sasaki said. "The hands and legs sticking out of the stretcher swung with the motion. Why the Hiroshima bombing was good. ", Sumie Sasaki was fortunate enough to find a bit of beauty amid all the horror. Sasaki remembers the girl crying for help. But he added that Japan may have been willing to end the war with conditions like keeping the emperor in place. He added that Truman and his military advisers feared a "very costly invasion" of Japan. Keiji Harada remembers girls asking her for water. Ward Wilson of Foreign Policy wrote that the most solemn day for Japan was August 9, which was the first day that the Japanese Supreme Council met to seriously discuss surrender. The United States detonates the world's first atomic bomb at a test site in New Mexico on July 16, 1945. "She still protected her child under her breast, like a living person. When the United States dropped the atomic bomb on August 6, 1945, it exploded just above the building. A. Sumie Sasaki/Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. Hiroharu Kono/Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. They helped each other walk along, their shoulders joined together, their powerless legs somehow carrying them off towards the Otagawa River. Such a demonstration would have detonated a nuclear weapon in a non-inhabited but observable area to compel Japan to surrender, an approach that was favored by a group of scientists and Assistant Secretary of War John McCloy, according to Rushay. A Warner Media Company. She was screaming her child's name while the bodies of dead students floated on the river below. Less than a month later, atomic bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima … Her eyes were open wide. ", Survivor Asako Fujise drew this image of a bomb shelter that was being used as a makeshift hospital. Rushay said that Hiroshima was one of four potential targets and that Truman left it up to the military to decide which city to strike. On August 6, 1945, Hiroshima became the first city in the world to be struck by an atomic bomb. At least 70,000 people were killed in the initial blast, while approximately 70,000 more died from radiation exposure. The date is significant because it wasn’t the day after the Hiroshima bombing, but rather, the day the Soviet Union entered the Pacific theater by invading Japanese-occupied Manchuria on three fronts. Why was the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima? 1.17 million, according to a 2010 Japanese census. So if Japan was ready to surrender, why were atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki? Why was Hiroshima bombed? "A flash of light and a wall of fire destroyed a city and demonstrated that mankind possessed the means to destroy itself," he said during an address at the site of the first bombing. In this rendering, Hideo Kimura shows burned and screaming classmates. In his 1963 memoir, “Mandate for Change,” former President Dwight D. Eisenhower criticized the use of the atomic bombs, saying they weren’t necessary to force the surrender of Japan. Then-President Harry S. Truman authorized the attack on Hiroshima. Next to the woman, a sobbing girl pleads for help from neighbors. Maier said that the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings “did move the Japanese Emperor to intervene with a divided military and advocate for surrender.” But he added that Japan may have been willing to end the war with conditions like keeping the emperor in place. It was "filled with moans and the smell of zinc oxide and Mercurochome mixed with sweat. Rushay said that Hiroshima was one of four potential targets and that Truman left it up to the military to decide which city to strike. Next to the woman, a sobbing girl pleads for help from neighbors. This drawing by survivor Akira Onogi shows a woman pinned under a pillar from her collapsed house as deadly flames approach. Japan was a fierce enemy of the US and its allies — Britain, China and the Soviet Union — during the World War II. Hiroshima had been spared from bombing the entirety of the war, but a series of air raid warnings the night before made her father uneasy—she survived because he … ", The memory of seeing two girls with blue-violet faces shocked Torao Izuhara so much that she never forgot it. Masaru Shimizu remembers being given a few dozen frozen mandarin oranges by the military. Hiroharu Kono drew a picture of her search for missing family members. Targeting was finalized on July 25, 1945: Hiroshima, Kokura, Nilgata, Nagasaki. 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