(�� 20 0 obj (�� endobj endobj (�� (�� system was based on a steel plate framed bogie with laminated spring axlebox suspension, much as seen on the first vehicles, and with a secondary suspension added between the car body and the bogie. endobj (�� (�� %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� (�� (�� The various independent suspension systems are: a. (�� (�� 18 0 obj (�� <> (�� (�� !(!0*21/*.-4;K@48G9-.BYBGNPTUT3? (�� stream (�� Suspension system of an automobile separates the wheel and axle assembly of the automobile from its body. (�� endstream (�� 29 0 obj (�� [ 17 0 R] %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� [ 12 0 R] orٺ)>-F�7�P-A�/GH�.$�ҙ �Мf�zaC�F{M�V�ɼ�^L؋���j�6x��?H�- �dIDo�ڤ�τ���C���7Z(��٣�LJ_>ϣ����-e��FXv%�����sE��(�P�'�� R ���7��;�r9�l%F@�ԉ�9�;����. (�� (�� Ans:- The objectives of a suspension system are as follows, 1. (�� (�� (�� 15 0 obj (�� Suspension Ppt. (�� (�� <> It works on the basic principle of spring energy. (�� (�� <> (�� 3. 2.1.10. Phone: 517-279-2135 E-mail: tech-bds@sporttruckusainc.com (�� (�� endobj (�� 8 0 obj (�� <> (�� (�� 9 0 obj (�� (�� (�� (�� endstream (�� <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 21 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 2>> ?��z_�y+���]��vN{�u���B�,5AՎr�S_V��(ª�����k�����MvP�!�>%#mL��*�t�S�;t�a���K��d��Ҭ���t_�z���n�.�:�A�3���F-��#��|E �8�i 't��[�.��_�^�CH�g1�'܅�6)��� 15 0 obj (�� !(!0*21/*.-4;K@48G9-.BYBGNPTUT3? (�� (�� x��W�n�0��?�h˝P�P4I�C��.zhzH\'q�-��"������Y�E�{oތ��0`�Q��Y�ZC�b$���2N�1f8S���⹇�0�ϛ��p��WE�"'W.�H`��Φa��Q6n?Z�P��?X]0�y!�v�����3�Q.s�<5i�����\�4yL0�6��Õ�$tN`@�� stream endobj –It relates to the non-rolled vehicle condition and can therefore only be used for approximations involving small angles of roll –Assumes no change in vehicle track as a result of small angles of roll. (�� (�� comfort, the suspension system plays an important role in vehicle performance, stability, and safety. (�� (�� (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Suspension System 1 180 LOAD PARTS LIST mounted joint and intermediate joint or F SCE Inch LBS HARDWARE NAME TORQUE . (�� <> (�� (�� 042720 Part#: 013414 491 W. Garfield Ave., Coldwater, MI 49036 . Conventional vehicle suspension systems achieve this through passive means using springs and dampers. (�� (�� endobj •VEHICLE SUSPENSION OPTIMIZATION FOR STOCHASTIC INPUTS, KAILAS VIJAY INAMDAR • On the Control Aspects of Semiactive Suspensions for Automobile Applications, Emmanuel D. Blanchard • Analysis design of VSS using Matlab simulink, Ali Md. (�� (�� 4 0 obj endstream (�� (�� 8. <> (�� 6” Suspension System Dodge 2500 4wd| 2003-2007 Rev. 19 0 obj 31 0 obj 4. 34 0 obj (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� (�� �2j�v��E�{���EI�RV�8����h�Η���a<3r�� ��� y/�t��4���� t׭�1���G��@K��/�M��� t׭�1��G�#� pP�� gK��G�t��5�_��G��G�#� pP�� gK��G�t��5�_��G��G�#� pP�� gK��G�t��5�_��G��G�#� pP�� gK��G�t��5�_��G��G�#� pP�� gK��G�t��5�_��G��G�#� pP�gK��G�t��5���G��A���� y'�t��4���� t׬� �1���G��@M��/�M'�t��5���G��?�������� t���/�Mz��#� pR�1�?J �_���h�ϗ���k��� �)?��������� t���/�Mz��#1� s����� �@M��/�M��� t׬� �3��G�#1� pP3ɿ�����>_����Fc��/�#1� r�M��/�M��� t׬� �3��I� ���� ��� t���/�Mz��#1� pR�5� yG�|��4g���^�� ���5� yG�|��4g���^�� ���5� yG�|��4g���^�� ���5� yO�|��4g���^�� ���'�#Q� pP���O�>�'�Mz��#Q� pR�5� yW�$��7��i<7嬩t40�@���k�����Ғ>��@ �zQ�zS����l��(���:� n��F��N���zQ�zS����l��(���:� n��F��N���zQ�zS����l��(��&��O������8�@ �=)6J}%�Q�zS����l��(��:�� �=(�=)�� ݃ҍ�ҝIH��l��)�҃ғ`���i����ҟIH���� A*�����G�� Z�%���. endobj (�� endobj 32 0 obj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Accordingly, automotive engineers turn their attention to the suspension system, an area usually ignored by customers considering a purchase. remain on the road or to avoid an obstacle, implementing the active suspension system improves safety. Rubber bushings are commonly used in the inner ends of front control arms and rear control arms. (�� (�� 10 0 obj (�� 27 0 obj <> (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 959.76 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> (�� (�� (�� <> ]c\RbKSTQ�� C''Q6.6QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ�� /�" �� (�� (�� (�� (�� To alter the geometry of the suspension system, we utilize mechanisms to power instantaneous and independent motion in the linkage joints of the system. (�� (�� (�� (�� endobj (�� The position change of (�� x�c` $ (��?�� (�� endobj �k��������kݵw�~ϜL����||���YwkGM8i8 (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� transmission system, front and rear axle, steering system, suspension system, wheels, tyres and brakes. (�� (�� ��~���*�яӴ_�=����P���B6�a��협;�M <> (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� View Suspension Systems and Wheel Alignment.pdf from ADMS 3360 at York University. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? (�� (�� (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� (�� C M4 x 10 27 in-lb. (�� (�� stream (�� (�� stream 12 0 obj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� <> (�� <> endobj �8�7�� (�� (�� suspension system, braking system etc. <> <> (�� (�� (�� Along with suspension parts, many other pieces of the car affect the suspension system, such as the tires. (�� <> (�� (�� (�� (�� Servicing the Suspension System Introduction (1 of 2) • Suspension systems follow the road surface in order to maintain traction, control vehicle, and provide passengers smooth ride. ��?.�Ґ�6�:u��Ԗ䴷ϔ\���H8�J�m���?/ȟ��-@���9��G��H��Gt⼪{r^�J�p�!��H{�)֕< ��}%/�Z�Z�k��g����F����%FG�s�OH�>#���Ų��i[)7l��y��� Cw���š��МB�:j�D���6u���{‘՚i�Q�����y(8.T�p �9m�%�HΖ�L����>�ٵ k���BW�dq� �-W��=j6�)'b�#��4I�6�6ձ�D�2T�?�B�\���RSA�>��Q���/a����U��V9�������v��� �� ��|C�%HF-⪁f=�9�кԝӧi�����0��p��x��,�sH�+�%�O�*��(��mQ-���6�[J��R%�X��Z�����f;�Ѐܬ��#XV��`R����!WH��zs�[ �)�wz���n����+r�(T:b� �9z�Nz��grN����' A 265M8 x 50 in-lb. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� �������߿��� (�� (�� endobj 17 0 obj (�� The steering system may not be a direct component of the suspension system, but … (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� suspension system. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� 20 0 obj endobj 33 0 obj State the objectives of suspension system. (�� %PDF-1.5 (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� It consisted solely of a fixed continuous member extending across the entire front end of the vehicle connecting the two steerable wheels. (�� (�� <> endstream Yap, G. Chen, W.H. 2 0 obj stream (�� stream (�� $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? (�� (�� �6�����M�;l ?�����x��?G���:&���iK`������?D[]O�r���� ��CM�G�>{�QhU>ډ��V�*��܄��]2�@�e���Ӥ$�x$o�����r�O�-G&��1�o��Ī">ۆ�H��=���� ��IA`�.�k)�����#���wGWx��їE�=nW�bY-�1�][-„��K�|�E�A��m1�L��j���)6yf������ (�� (�� Protects the vehicle itself and any cargo or luggage from damage and wear 2. endobj (�� (�� Suspension system wear can upset the operation of the steering system and change wheel alignment angles. (�� (�� 2. Figure 18: Conventional suspension compromises for passive and active suspension systems [Source: Daimler] ..... 29 Figure 19: The complex functional harmony required to provide driving quality [Source: (�� 1 0 obj 6 Types of Suspension Systems Beam Axle: Initially, the front axle of rear‐drive automotive vehicles was of a solid beam design. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� 010218 Part#: 012611 491 W. Garfield Ave., Coldwater, MI 49036 . <>/XObject<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 959.76 540] /Contents 22 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> (�� It is the component of the suspension system that is mounted over the wheel’s hub through which the wheels and the suspension of the vehicle connect with each other by the linkages provided. 7 0 obj (�� (�� (�� (�� stream JZNh ����aEPEPIE�))i( ��((�� ) -% %QH��C@��M`\��t��\�������t�����Y����&��/ֽgŸꖐ��>��c���ހ�(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(��(����� ����EPIKI@Q@ŠJ 1%- �QE��I@%-% %QH��()~�~��{�k�����?׿ր. (�� (�� �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br� (�� (�� �%��T���7�Nݫa]�]{t�K��.��~%yua���\���e8����A����c��§�ӏ��~����";��o#,�t�R�� w�-�G�SD�e��A��o�p:���ME (�� (�� (�� A good bus suspension system should have satisfactory road holding ability, while still providing comfort when riding over bumps and holes in the road. endobj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� <> (�� Proper service and maintenance of these components greatly increase roadability, reliability, and vehicle life. (�� (�� 13 0 obj (�� Suspension Bushing Service . endobj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Introduction (2 of 2) • Network of springs, arms, struts, and shocks work together. stream (�� (�� �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� Suspension System Diagnosis and Repair Name:----- Date: _ lnstructor: Score: Textbook pages 1265-1286 Objective: After studying this chapter, you will be able to troubleshoot and repair common suspension system problems. (�� Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. (�� (�� endstream (�� Suspension system consist two basic component spring and shock absorber. )%(%KV*ɬ�l=�~�V���^FJ�dB�'���{��c���u��1>Y���V켽�.��.��4�e�\�Ep�*ְ�%�V���ŻO��6����.�a��o�Z��7㭐>5s�)[ (�� (�� x��YKo7���� �9|-Y�F��h�==(�HZW�'���]Y%%�j�� I����f����w���ŇW�_3��9{���w8�L 23 0 obj (�� x���  �Om ��f (�� (�� ����-��u�}��ݧQ��{ý�%� /� �^�O/�����a�6���_'�5���!5停�M2��Kښ�@9�*VF?+�శ>/)'��s���Ǹ'�n'��Z~�%G�}o��޴ I���Ą�}�6�Hk�iM�O��ooUgo����;��1_�s0��d��A���uN��) ���w�Ӿ�b����UuR����,m�̺��J����d5��%���ߏI�09+�a�Zڏm_�[���ԐsT�D-�0��K�~t�H��U��M� � �F�A�xھ���xp}Xܺ�Jw4#���>�K�=���cI��Q��E)w�ӑ���U0�g�;9Т���b�]�֐T"$�AU4^/� ԎV��Dl�o�F5�uE��B��N/��й���w��-�q�9�4�a��N8�ڒ�}R�p�Pж��ֺ�-��y%�e���W:���b��ӵ@U��������I��R�6�u�"���3��q��Oy�ñҞtu�K*Ԣ.F����7����FF�>ᘺ`��hER��I������=�>�����7UV���w��, e{��,@��b���8I=c�.NF�!�}� ��p�r�CMel�l^�#�_J6@�k_)"�)h�����b������S��`+�y:W^����v�C���c;P��G�Cy��"ۖ�.� <> (�� (�� (�� (�� 6 0 obj (�� <> Suspension System 1. List and explain common suspension system … (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Functions of the chassis . (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Yao, F.F. (�� While not necessarily an integral part of a vehicle suspension system, anti-sway bars or anti-roll bars can, nevertheless provide additional stability for any moving vehicle. endobj First, we look at the primary suspension. (�� endstream (�� 3 0 obj (�� 14 0 obj endstream (�� endobj (�� (�� (�� Drywall Suspension Systems 1-1/2" Drywall System — the time-saving alternative to traditional drywall framing Our 1-1/2" Drywall Grid is a heavy duty, double web, T-bar profile suspension system used in place of traditional framing or furring. (�� Diagram: Author. (�� (�� [ 16 0 R] stream OBJECTIVE OF SUSPENSION : The objectives of suspension system are as follows: To prevent the road shocks from being ���>pT�׻�!ۢ�GTTI"��Zm��-c.z�%0E!/�aa�@�8�a%�I�^'���3i�Fo4$�SӘ�H�i2��L^�Iw��0%DZi�I �P�J),��?LA��@ʤ?���(~�E�RP!q�.��.���vzC���tؙ����j�Hrx�����!EW�����Q�{�}����;l�������ךjY���E0x���%�L��� �$M�S��5�B�I�pY��wLE �f�k��������d[�e ���n���]M�C�?�ؽ&�L���y0��xz���iz�yu~l>w��(��o�{˯��K[hk�˕�|8�/p�j-6 ���� Volume Flow Controllers S. Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of a Simple Half - … (�� endobj (�� endobj (�� Anti-sway bars are metal rods that join the opposing suspension systems on the same axle and are often used in tandem with suspension struts or shock absorbers. Suspension system fundamentals ch67.pdf. (�� endobj (�� (�� endstream (�� (�� (�� (�� <> <> <> (�� Zadeh • MR damper and its application for semi-active control of vehicle suspension system , G.Z. To prevent road shocks from being transmitted to the vehicle component and the passengers. 30 0 obj (�� (�� <> (�� endobj (�� (�� <> (�� They all work together in harmony to cushion both the car and the driver from the rough terrain being driven on. (�� (�� 24 0 obj Front End Suspension System; Rigid axle front suspension. (�� (�� stream (�� (�� <> (�� Independent front suspension <> (�� <> (�� (�� endobj (�� endstream (�� (�� endstream 14 0 obj endobj (�� <> ?�&��?~� Independent Suspension System Full Report. 11 0 obj (�� Suspension System Diagnosis 1. endobj (�� �S�z�i=y�0�/9��\�m�F��=N�EN-�R��Z��������y���5�p�9]h� �$h�&0^��x�m�"���d��V�|#�T9���)۔a�o��_ǭJ]�� :��\�|)�l} Nh���M�[M �mS H阰��a^��i [m�g�%ͅǠ��Rky���sӷ}ʋ|v�bc6X���r|���4��c/( ���!��aՊ`�V�D|u�3�@������嚪��>���f�D BxI���Na����O-��F*� 54�dk�I>��&�*_�Z��\퍗%����^�6�Эc8�����i���I�Ϭ���I��h0-�d���u��B&?��������� (�� (�� <> (�� (�� (�� x���1  �Om� x� D M6 89 in-lb. (�� (�� (�� 16 0 obj (�� <> (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels Serve a dual purpose – contributing to the car's handling and braking. (�� (�� ?׿֘;�� �_�zυ?�-y6���~��>� T��vQ��O�G�i� �QE QE QE QE QE QE QE QE ��PEP(�� (�� (�� (�� ]c\RbKSTQ�� C''Q6.6QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ�� /�" �� (�� �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Following are the 15 different types of the suspension system:. (�� endobj (�� (�� The functions of the chassis includes (i) carrying the weight of the vehicle and its passengers, (ii) withstanding the engine and transmission torque and thrust stresses, as well as accelerating and braking torque, (�� 11 0 obj (�� (�� endobj 1. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� 5 0 obj (�� endobj x���1  �Om� >@� suspension geometry changes, symmetry of the suspension across the vehicle is lost and the definition of roll centre becomes invalid. (�� 22 0 obj Suspension system - functions • to isolate the vehicle from disturbances so that the driver can keep control of the vehicle, without causing discomfort to passengers • system should minimize vertical motion, as well as pitch and roll movements, as the vehicle passes over … (�� (�� (�� (�� x���  �Om7� �0JP (�� endobj � (�� (�� (�� (�� E M10 / 3/8-16 434 in-lb. (�� (�� Suspension system … (�� (�� (�� •Supports the weight. ���� JFIF ` ` �� ZExif MM * J Q Q �Q � �� ���� C Figure 2: Sketch of plate frame bogie primary suspension system. endobj (�� (�� What … (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� '�=�'P%m6�bK��6����E����9�0�q�����bf��_i���P�gSJ��"���$l((���#����8w����3� 9�!M��@�pmd���OVq^�kEE�����f����i�B�ٽ���ZQOP�~�nUI{R���T)������}�g�� ����ɰ ���}�!����x�ɚ)�ѐ�8'�e��)y�L���1hqxw!-����Zl�{$[�ƺWM�w�J�s����`Y�a�ʡ�HkUӵ�F���{��T�ӕr� lit-11626-20-53_r1_1309.pdf. (�� (�� (�� As the active part of the suspension takes care of realizing good cornering behaviour and of static load variations, the primary suspension springs can be tuned purely for optimizing comfort and road holding. (�� Introduction to suspension system The suspension system of an automobile is one which separates the wheel/axle Assembly from the body. 12 0 obj (�� (�� The primary function of the suspension system is to isolate the vehicle structure from shocks and vibration due to irregularities of the road surface. (�� (�� (�� Suspension Systems and Wheel Alignment Answer the following questions. (�� (�� 10 0 obj x���1  �Om/� x�� endobj (�� (�� 18 0 obj (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� Vq�e�m�ќN;ќr̻`�Q�R�Վ�JY+�`�L�g���������{IܚhN*�T7� ��Z�ݬ�s2q=([YN��uz���ey��=A��JI3�[0my3DN��u;!�W*�oS^�a*���dJi��UȆ (�� B M6 x 16 71 in-lb. (�� endobj (�� When a vehicle come in contact with road bump it extract a force on wheel. (�� ���� JFIF ` ` �� ZExif MM * J Q Q �Q � �� ���� C It cushions the ride for the frame, engine, transmission, and passengers, while keeping the tires in firm contact with the road under all conditions. (�� 21 0 obj (�� (�� Steering System. (�� <> Li, S.H. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� endobj �K����p�@�q>�$�V������jJNK]��v(/b��"/�_s{��++x������>�;a��sU����j�8�jA����o�B;��+���L� �UĜ����q`Y�]���sڇ��[�#��N�=Α�/�4K��������X�J��zѡ���9��~�=�qT�k$Y����? stream 13 0 obj (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� “Physics, the blessing as well as the curse”, We the engineers are quite familiar with this quote as we receives both the blessings as well as the curse from the nature when we develop a technology or a machine, specifically when we talk about an automobile vehicle the nature’s physics is the biggest challenge we face, we always talk about engine and transmission system which are the important system of a vehicle is equipped with but h… (�� The automobile frame and body are mounted on the front and rear axle not directly but through the springs and shock absorbent. (�� (�� (�� To safeguard the occupants form road shocks. Yeo Double wishbone suspensions b. McPherson struts and strut dampers c. Rear axle trailing -arm suspension d. Semi-trailing-arm rear axles e. Multi-link suspension In this type of suspension system, the wheels are not constrained to remain perpendicular to a flat (�� <> (�� (�� (�� (�� On sudden application of load the spring compressed suddenly and stores this energy without transmit this load on body of vehicle. Suspension Systems The suspension system supports the vehicle, allowing the wheels to move up and down over irregularities in the road. (�� (�� <> (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� x��WM��F�[���Yiz���R)Q���-Y��0 �Y��d�}�چ1�f�ev%c���ޫ�W��5�8p�9Rr�I��`4�"��? (b1) damping constant of suspension system 350 N.s/m (b2) damping constant of wheel and tire 15,020 N.s/m (U) control force Design requirements. (�� (�� (�� endobj (�� (�� system to be used in a variety of scenarios that will far exceed the state of the art in suspension systems today. (�� endobj (�� (�� <> Historic horse-drawn carts had an early form of a suspension system, where the platform (�� (�� 19 0 obj (�� (�� <> (�� endobj endobj (�� (�� (�� <> The assembly of parts, which perform the isolation of parts from the road shocks, may be in the forms of bounce, pitch and roll is called suspension system. stream (�� (�� x��� � ��nH@ Ӕ When designing car suspensions, the dual objective is to minimize the vertical forces transmitted to the passenger, and to maximize the tire-to-road contact for handling and safety. 4” Suspension System Ford Super Duty 4WD | 2017-2020 Rev. (�� (�� <> BBC Guideline - Safe Solutions for Project Cargo Operations. (�� suspension system is always a pact between comfort and safety for any given input set of road and a specific stress. 17 0 obj (�� (�� (�� Race. (�� Thus, the suspension system includes springs, shock absorbers and their mountings.The suspension system of a motor vehicle is divided into the rear end suspension and front end suspension.. Types of Suspension System. (�� (�� 21 0 obj Due to popularity of using light-weight materials in designing and manufacturing of a car to increase fuel efficiency and reduce exhaust emissions demands on ride control have been more critical. (�� <> (�� (�� (�� <> (�� stream (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� 26 0 obj (�� %���� endobj (�� Phone: 517-279-2135 E-mail: tech-bds@ridefox.com (�� (�� 28 0 obj (�� Semi-active/ active suspension systems try to solve or least reduce this emulation. 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