[22] Morales also has argued that were Chileans to give back Antofagasta, it would have no significant effect on their country. Beyond the coastal bluffs, there is an area of rolling hills that encompasses the driest desert land; this area ends to the east with the Andes towering over it. In such areas, roads usually are built halfway up the arid elevations in order to maximize the intensive agricultural use of the irrigated land. Physical Geography; People: Culture and Lifestyle; Further Reading; Sources ; Chile. [3] The cities of Valparaiso and Concepcion are the next highly populated cities, in that order. Height : 6863 m (Ojos del Salado) Map of Chile. daebaek. Punta Arenas, city, southern Chile. The far north (Norte Grande), which extends from the Peruvian border to about 27° south latitude, a line roughly paralleled to the Copiapó River, is extremely arid. A place like no Other. The natural hazards are attributed to Chile's location along the Ring of Fire. Capital - Santiago In the far north, the land generally rises vertically from the ocean, sometimes to elevations well over 1,000 m (3,281 ft). Chile has a long coastline with low coastal mountains, a central valley and mountains (Andes) to the east. This precipitation is distributed more or less evenly throughout the year, with the two main summer months receiving a monthly average of thirty-one millimeters and the winter months 38.9 mm (2 in), some of it in the form of snow. [36] South of Chile there is a wet climate because of the Mediterranean coastline this leading the wet season to range from May to August. The climate is of the temperate Mediterranean type, with the amount of rainfall increasing considerably and progressively from north to south. This celebration attracts as many as 500,000 people a year. They were cleared for agriculture but were soon exhausted of their organic matter and left to erode. other: Area - 756,950 sq km or 292,183 sq miles includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gómez. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. The far north is the only part of the country in which there is a large section of the Andean plateau. From the Amazon basin in the north and west to the Brazilian Highlands in the southeast, Brazil's topography is quite diverse. 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) All Antarctic claims are frozen under the Antarctic treaty. Swimming at Chile's popular beaches in the central part of the country, where the water gets no warmer than 15 °C (59 °F) in the summer. 743,812 km2 (287,187 sq mi) This latter earthquake occurred on May 22, the day after another major quake measuring 7.25 on the Richter scale, and covered an extensive section of south-central Chile. 26.67 km3/yr (4%/10%/86%) Continental shelf: Consumer and Industrial export products enter Chile duty-free as well. Whether crazy or extravagant, there is little question that Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. The summer months average 206.1 mm (8 in), whereas the winter months average 300 mm (12 in). [43], South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "UNdata | record view | Occupants of housing units by type of housing unit and urban/rural residence", "UNdata | record view | Average annual rate of population change (percentage)", "UNdata | record view | Total fertility rate (live births per woman)", "UNdata | record view | Infant mortality rate, for both sexes combined (infant deaths per 1,000 live births)", "Chile Faces Latin America's Migrant Future", "Pious families sponsor informal shrines to Virgins, Christ, and saints", "Joining Chile's Largest Religious Gathering: the Andacollo Festival", "Animitas: Roadside Shrines across Chile are ubiquitos reminders of tragedy", "Churches of Chiloe: architectural wealth in the southernmost part of the world", "Bolivia Takes Sea Access Dispute with Chile to International Court of Justice", "Bolivia-Chile land dispute has deep roots", "Bolivia Sea Dispute: UN rules in Chile's Favor", "Chile, Peru, and the ICJ Boundary Settlement", "Court Grants Peru Ocean Territory Claimed by Chile", "Argentina revives long time border dispute with Chile in Patagonian ice fields", "Chile (CHL) - Exports, Imports, and Trade Partners", "Scientists Warn of the Imminent Depletion of Ground Water in Chile's Atacama Desert", "Brazil and China set to sign free trade deal year-end", "Asia-Pacific Trade Deal Signed by 11 Nations", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, "General piloting regulations and information", "Sailing along the Strait of Magellan or Drake Passage", "Sailing throughout Chilean Straits, Channels and Fjords", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Chile&oldid=996454228, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2015, Articles that may contain original research from May 2015, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The desert is located on the leeward side of the, An inversion layer is created by the cold, North: tripartite border with Bolivia and Peru, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 18:34. Floor Area Ratio instigated by the state has resulted in highly dense and smaller living spaces. This was signed by both of them on October 20, 1883, to keep the peace between them. Situated south of Peru and west of Bolivia and Argentina, Chile fills a narrow 2,880-mi (4,506 km) strip between the Andes and the Pacific. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. The winter rains and the melting of the snow that accumulates on the Andes produce rivers whose flow varies with the seasons, but which carry water year-round. It extends from about 32° south latitude to about 37° south latitude. The lumber industry is also important. total: The south is one of the rainiest areas in the world. Most Chileans live near or on these mountains. [38] Of the land Chile devotes to agriculture, only 1.7% is arable land. Their history began when the first Jesuits arrived in Chile. Approaching the present time, the effects of the Pleistocene glaciations in the distribution of several communities are discussed. Andes. Chile is situated in South America, bordered to the north by Peru, to the east by Bolivia and Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by the Antarctic. The countries of Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana share a _?_. Large tracts of this worn-out land, many of them on hilly terrain, have been reforested for the lumber, especially for the cellulose and paper industries. The latter are evident mainly in the center of the country and create what is commonly called the Central Valley (Valle Central) between them and the Andes. Exploiting the country's water has been detrimental to the citizens and animals that rely on these sources of water. However, the region's main economic foundation is its great mineral wealth. The vegetation, including many ferns in the shady areas, is a lush green. The result was the creation of even drier surface conditions. While there are several different tales of her origin and variations on her name, the Virgin Andacollo is flaunted on the first Sunday of every month in the plaza of Andacollo, Chile. Punta Arenas lies on the Strait of Magellan between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans and is the southernmost large city in the world. There are also more than three-dozen active volcanoes in Chile with the most active being the Llaima in the north Chilean Andes.[12]. In the far south, the Central Valley runs into the ocean's waters. Chile is situated in southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean and a small part of the South Atlantic Ocean. Evo Morales, the former president of Bolivia, has argued that Bolivia's landlocked status has made the country endure great "historical injustice". [15], Due to Chile's high population density in urban cities like Santiago, housing developments started developing upwards. To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Geography and Climate of Chile Because of its long, narrow profile and position adjacent to the Pacific Ocean and Andes Mountains, Chile has a unique topography and climate. It is a long strip of land in the south west region of South America. The element of physical geography that binds the countries of southern South America together is _?_. Main characteristics of the physical geography of Chile are described, with emphasis on the geologic and climatic changes that affected the biome configuration since the Devonian onwards. Argentina 6,691 km (4,158 mi), Bolivia 942 km (585 mi), Peru 168 km (104 mi), Maritime claims: In the far north, the kinds of fruits that grow well in the arid tropics thrive, and all kinds of vegetables can be grown year-round. Chile's allocation percentage is smaller than its neighboring countries Argentina (53.9%) and Bolivia (34.3%), but larger than Peru's (18.8%). The area just north and south of Santiago is a large producer of fruits, including the grapes from which the best Chilean wines are made. Chile is a land of extremes, with soaring snow-capped peaks, glaciers, fjords, volcanoes, fertile valleys and the world’s driest desert. Much of Chile's coastline is rugged, with surf that seems to explode against the rocks lying at the feet of high bluffs. [42] Chile's top three exporting partners are China, the United States, and Japan. [10], Chile's natural hazards include earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis. Three major landform regions divide Chile: the Andes Mountains, the coast and islands, and the Central Valley. More information. The pastures in the northernmost section, around Osorno, are well suited for raising cattle; milk, cheese, and butter are important products of that area. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. [3] In 2009, 12,037,290 living in urban parts of Chile actually had functioning facilities in their home, while 403,276 people did not have proper facilities in their dwelling. Additionally, the mountainous regions have a tundra-like climate. Chile's territorial shape is among the world's most unusual. Use of remote imagery to analyse changes in morphology and longitudinal large wood distribution in the blanco river after the 2008 chaitén volcanic eruption, southern chile. Jan 25, 2017 - This Pin was discovered by Casey Pastine. In Concepción, by contrast, the average monthly temperatures are somewhat lower in the summer at 17.6 °C (63.7 °F) but higher in the winter at 9.3 °C (48.7 °F), and the amount of rain is much greater: in the summer, Concepción receives an average of 0.8 inch (20 millimeters) of rain per month; in June and July, the city is pounded by an average of 10 inches (253 mm.) The answer to this question can be found by examining the structure of the earth, and in particular the geographic configuration of the earth’s tectonic plates. Latin American country, south of U.S., a member of NAFTA . In addition to physical geography, what else is a factor in defining countries' political borders? Contrary to the image of monochrome barrenness that most people associate with deserts, the landscape is spectacular, with its crisscrossing hills and mountains of all shapes and sizes, each with a unique hue depending on its mineral composition, its distance from the observer, and the time of day. Concepción is also a coastal city that lies near the mouth of the Biobío River. It is navigable for its entire 2,000-mile trip within Brazil. Its physical geography includes the Andes mountain range, volcanoes, beaches, ice fields and even a desert in the northern half. [27] This ruling severely impacted fishers in the country. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. The rivers that descend from the Andes rush over volcanic rocks, forming numerous white-water sections and waterfalls. Language: Spanish, The official website of Chile Cultural Society, Norway salmon spot prices to rebound in week three, Scots, Chilean hold firm - Undercurrent News, Embrace the potential of Chilean wines - Hampstead Highgate Express, Repsol, Ibereolica Renovables shipping nacelles for 110-MW project in Chile - Renewables Now, Chile accumulates US$ 2.9bn in tenders in re... - BNamericas English, Mabanaft inks MoU to buy up to 500m litres of H2-sourced fuel in Chile - Renewables Now. Thousands of pilgrims come to the northern Chilean town each December for La Fiesta Grande. Chile : geography, maps, flag, statistics, photos and cultural information about Chile. Each has its own characteristic vegetation, fauna, climate, and, despite the omnipresence of both the Andes and the Pacific, its own distinct topography. This topography generates coastal microclimates because the fog that frequently forms over the cold ocean waters, as well as any low clouds, is trapped by the high bluffs. This movement has resulted in the formation of the Peru–Chile Trench, which lies beyond a narrow band of coastal waters off the northern two-thirds of the country. The channel is perilous, however, and Chilean pilots guide all vessels through it. In between Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina is where Chile is located in South America; To the west of Chile the Pacific Ocean can be found; The land in Chile is tillage and can be easily used to cultivate in. Housing availability has reduced by 50% for residents and rent for new apartments has increased, changing the average income of that location. Physical Geography. To the East is Argentina and the Atlantic ocean and to the west is the Pacific ocean. Geography. Chile exhibits a variety of climates, as its geographical position is more longitudinal in nature. Total: Chile is situated in South America, bordered to the north by Peru, to the east by Bolivia and Argentina, to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the south by the Antarctic. Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.. The people of Chile originate from Spain mostly that is why the main language of Chile is Spanish. located on the west coast of South America; smaller than twice the size of Montana ; Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru border this country; The south Pacific Ocean borders the west side ; Tierra del Fuego is at the southernmost tip of Chile; Landscape and Geography. Chile physical features Chile's territorial shape is certainly among the world's most unusual. For instance, Chuquicamata, the world's largest open-pit copper mine, is located in the far north. Southern Chile stretches from below the Bío-Bío River at about 37° south latitude to Chacao channel at about 42° south latitude. These narrow rivers have carved fertile valleys in which exuberant vegetation creates a stark contrast to the bone-dry hills. This is because they both claim boundary coastal lines. At nearly 2,700 miles, Chile's length from north to south is about the same distance as the United States' width from east to west. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile's arable land. Atlas of the Physical and Political History of Chile (Plates, Volume 2) WDL3980.pdf 900 × … From north to south, Chile extends 4,270 kilometers, and yet it only averages 177 kilometers east to west. Sitting on the Pacific Rim at 35 degrees North and 105 degrees East is the People’s Republic of China. The majestically snowcapped Andes and their pre-cordillera elevations provide an ever-present backdrop to much of the scenery, but there are other, albeit less formidable, mountains as well. Land: STUDY. The Cordillera Domeyko in the north runs along the coast parallel to the Andes. Physical Geography. Chile's diverse physical geography means that its national treasures are extremely varied. In Valdivia, the two summer months average 16.7 °C (62.1 °F), whereas the winter months average 7.9 °C (46.2 °F). 200–350 nmi (370.4–648.2 km; 230.2–402.8 mi), Natural resources: This has left Bolivia landlocked since 1904. The longest beaches can be found in such sections. 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