Possibility Use could, might and may to show that something is possible in the future, though you are not 100% certain. Is it likely that you will get here before 8? Let's explore all of the possibilities. You can work from the following list or choose your own. (present possibility) Probability Example 1. 3. She can climb the stairs. He couldn't be at home. Paul and Ingrid can ski. Would you like to practice your understanding of modal verbs for possibility? May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb. They have never met. Certainty, or the belief of certainty, from the speaker. The odds are Example – The odds are he will win the gold medal. or be likely to/that: Do you think he may/might know Susan's telephone number? ". P(at least one head) = 1 – P(all tails) = 1 – 1/32 = 31/32. May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. For example: As far as I know, the ferry is running on schedule. You need to face the possibility that she will not come back. She may have gone home early. Example. He must be tired. He must have won the game. (= Maybe we will be late.) I'm not sure. (= Maybe they will come by car.) While it represented possibility, a blank slate, it also represented an emptiness that needed to be filled. 1. I can drive safely. He is away on holiday. What about specific possibilities? (= Maybe they are at home.) 4. We can cook. I may/might see you later. Flying can betoo expensive. It has to be cold. You can find links to the exercises at the bottom of the page. –> Again, this is specific: we’re talking about this summer, not every summer. Definition The modal verb mightis most often used to express an unlikely or uncertain possibility. However, that only goes for random choices. May, might and could + perfect infinitive express uncertainty with reference to past actions: We haven't heard from him for ten years. Examples. Here are some common present modal verbs. (Perhaps I will see you later.) - We use will to express a strong possibility that something is true, especially when we don’t have actual evidence at the moment. They can perform on stage. We can’t lift 100 kilos. There is a good chance Example – There’s a good chance India may win. My keys might be in the car. Alicia cannot drive a car. The common modal verbs in English are: can. They might be in the car. She must be on the bus. 2. In this exercise you will practise using modal verbs to express present probability: must, can’t, could, may, might. In Spanish, there are many different ways of expressing possibility and probability. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. He has to be tired. The construction in the present would be: Present = could + verb (do) Examples of using could in the present tense in dialogue include: Jane could be at work, or she could be at home. (I was very happy). (maybe) She may be in the wrong room. 2. may. Someone is knocking on the door. Mike can swim well. If we don't hurry, we could be late. The word probability is derived from the Latin word probabilitas, which means provable. George must beon the plane by now. must. They could be in the car. I talk about how to use these verbs and give you example sentences. In this posting I discuss 6 types of modals: modals of ability, permission, probability, advice, necessity, and polite requests. Katie may belate to the movie. Probability of getting no head = P(all tails) = 1/32. Probably Example – It’s probably going to rain tonight. 1. Have to is much less formal than must, and is common in conversation. will. (I'm fairly sure this isn't true) Notice that the opposite of 'must ' is ' can't in this case. About. 1. a) To Express Ability/Inability 1. They could be in the car. Mightis also used to very formally or politely ask for permission, and it is used as the past-tense form of maywhen asking permission in reported speech. Examples: She could be late. –> This is specific: it could take you two hours, not someone else. (maybe) She could be lost. Modal Verbs Exercise 2 – English Grammar Exercises. I must be careful not to upset him. I can’t type very fast. Everyone is wearing a jacket. (Mengapa kamu mengatakan itu?) (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Several modal verbs show possibility, including might, may, could, and must. He may/might/could have died. Let's say you have ten pairs of socks in your sock drawer. I could have caught the bus if I had hurried. (maybe) She can't be at home. For this speaking activity, the students have to use the target language to describe different nouns to the class. 2. We'll use the following model to help calculate the probability of simple events. We use may, might and could to say that something is possible, but not certain: They may come by car. Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. My job has opened up new possibilities for me. May and might are usually not used to introduce a question. Examples: (deduction), For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Categories of meaning expressed by modals, Modals to express permission / prohibition: CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, BE ALLOWED TO, MUSTN'T, BE TO, Modals to express predictions: BE GOING TO, WILL, Modals to express deduction: MUST, CAN'T, COULDN'T. It can also be used to suggest an action, or to introduce two differing possibilities. Talking about a specific possibility in the present or future. (future possibility) 2. (Perhaps she doesn't/won't remember you.). 4. Contoh Dialog Expressing Possibility and Impossibility. When talking about the present, modal verbs of probability express a guess or suggestion. - We use must to express complete certainty. Demo it a c… This modal verbs for possibility lesson shows you how to use them all correctly in English. There IS a difference between must and have to when expressing necessity for yourself or others. (Perhaps he knows her number.) The negative form couldn't is often used with comparative adjectives: The food is delicious, and the staff couldn't be more polite. Modal Verb + Have + Past Participle 1. This summer might be really hot. Modal verbs are a very important of the English language. Modal Verb + Base Verb shall. Could not shows that something is impossible. That must be Maria on the phone - she’s the only person with my new number. What is the probability of the occurrence of a number that is odd or less than 5 when a fair die is rolled. 2. ** NOTE ** We normally use have to for things that happen repeatedly with adverbs of frequency like always, often, and regularly. It does not mater what the subject is. She may be late. Solution Side effects of this medication may include upset stomach and fever. What does might mean? (Perhaps he has died, but we don't know.). We use “CAN” to express 1. May is formal and is often found in writing, like this example: Might is less formal than may, and is more common in conversation. Ability Sarven can ride a bike. He can speak Japanese. 6. If three marbles are drawn from the jar at random, what is the probability that the first marble is red, the second marble is blue, and the third is white? Let’s stop by their house on the way home. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. They could have worked late. She might be late. Could, may or might convey the idea of future possibility. Jan can not run fast. … Everyone is wearing a jacket. The probability is 13/52 x 12/51 = 12/204 = 1/17. It’s quite likely Fill in each gap using must, can’t, could, may or might. (I'm fairly sure this is a good guess) She might come soon. Eight of them are yellow, and two of them are black. (Although it seems obvious, it is not a fact that the runner is tired.). Must can be used in the same way to show certainty in the past. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. In addition to ‘may’, ‘could’, ‘might’ and ‘must’ are also used in expressing possibility. (Perhaps he knows her number.) Here are some examples: Present. May shows possibility in the present or the future. Use These Examples of Probability To Guide You Through Calculating the Probability of Simple Events. Something is possible in the present or future. We say “I can”, “she can”, “they can”, etc. Future: We could go to the party tonight. 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