wildlife protection act 1991

Full length research articles and shorter research communications, review articles, scientific correspondence and commentaries, news and views, comments on recently published research papers, articles on universities and institutions, interviews with scientists, , book reviews, etc are published in the journal. wildlife act, 1976. Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 [Act No. 9. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. 2 (6) “Cattle” includes buffaloes, bulls, bullocks, camels cows domestic, elephants, donkeys, goats, horses, mules, pigs and sheep, and also includes their young,” omitted by Act 44 of 1991, sec 5. In … BE IT ENACTED by the Queen, and the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Australia, as follows: 1. 2 [***] CHAPTER 1 Preliminary 1. What powers does the court have under the Deer Act 1991? Section 62 of the Principal Act is amended: (a)      by omitting from paragraph (2) (b) “matter or thing” and substituting “goods”; (b)      by inserting in subsection (10) the following definition: “ ‘goods’ includes documents but does not include any specimen or any article to which subsection 4 (2) applies.”. [Minister’s second reading speech made in—, House of Representatives on 22 August 1990, Administered by: Agriculture, Water and the Environment. (ii) that condition has been contravened.”. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 The J&K Biological Diversity Rules, 2015 . Authorities to be appointed or constituted under the Act. No court shall take cognizance of any offence against the Wildlife Protection Act except on a complaint by: The Director of wildlife preservation or any other officer authorized in this behalf by the Central Government or; The Chief Wildlife Warden or any other officer authorized by the State Government; or, any person who has given notice of not less than 60 days, in the manner prescribed, of the alleged offence … In Schedule 2, paragraph 4. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. Section 22 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting “5 years” and substituting “10 years, or both”. Have in one's possession or control any wild bird, dead or alive, or any part of a wild bird, which has been taken in … 7. All birds, their nests and eggs are protected by law and it is thus an offence, with certain exceptions (see Exceptions), to: 1. 14. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 currently consists of 7 chapters, its 66 sections and six schedules. Most species of wildlife (including mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians), native or introduced, are absolutely protected under the Act. 149, 1982, as amended. Section 21 of the Principal Act is amended by omitting “5 years” and substituting “10 years, or both”. 1990 c. 43. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 - Objects and Salient Features. (b)    proposals for declarations of controlled specimens under section 10a. 5. By this act, hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. Section 62 of the Principal Act is amended: by omitting from paragraph (2) (b) “matter or thing” and substituting “goods”; by inserting in subsection (10) the following definition: Section 63 of the Principal Act is amended: by omitting from subparagraph (3) (a) (ii) “matter or thing” and substituting “goods”; by adding at the end the following subsection: includes documents but does not include any specimen or any article to which subsection 4 (2) applies.”. This preliminary chapter defines the applicability of this LawLaw in India. The Deer Act 1987. Before this law came into force, there were only five national parks in India. The Wildlife Protection Act, Rules 1973 and Amendment 1991 provides for the protection of birds and animals and for all matters that are connected to it whether it be their habitat or the waterhole or the forests that sustain them. 53 of 1972 - 9 th September, 1972, as modified in 1991 ) An Act to provide for the protection of [Wild animals, birds and plants] and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. Intentionally take or destroy the egg of any wild bird. “(v) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that is a controlled specimen; and”. The wildlife (protection) act, 1972 : (as amended upto 1991) Complete Title: The wildlife (protection) act, 1972 : (as amended upto 1991) (1) The Designated Authority must maintain a register containing a list of the names and postal addresses of persons and organisations who are to be notified of: (a)     proposals for declarations of approved management programs under section 10; and. Export of household pets—native Australian animals. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has been empowered under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to arrest and prosecute wildlife offenders. © 1996 Current Science Association THE WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972 (No. ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. (ii) in any other case—within 12 months after that publication. To provide for the restoration of fish and wildlife and their habitat imported by the Central Valley Project, and for other purposes. Derived From Certain Animals. The whole Act. the specimen is brought into that Territory in the course of being transported to an identified person in the other country; and, any delay in its leaving that Territory will be due solely to the arrangements for its transport; and. Many exotic species are not covered under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) that regulates all commercial trade. 2024/2010 Arising out of Special Leave Petition 5599/2009 (2010.07) (Supreme Court) (Application for Intervention of Wildlife Trust of India) (Conviction under the Wildlife Protection Act) “(6) The Designated Authority must maintain a register containing descriptions of the controlled specimens. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions 11. This was the first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plant an. Such species are listed on one of schedules 1 to 6 o… JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. 16. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (WCA 1981) protects wild animals, plants and habitats. Any amendment to this act can be done on the recommendation of an expert committee, that has been put together by the Indian Board of Wildlife. Overview of the Chapters: Chapter I. This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent. This Chapter prohibits the extraction and sale of “specified plants” (mainly medicinal) from reserve forests and other protected areas, except for education, scientific research, etc. The Association is registered as a Society in India under the Societies Registration Act. The Act was substantially amended in 2002. 2 (3) “big game” means any animal specified in Schedule III;” omitted by Act 44 of 1991, sec 5. 2. (ii) in any other case—the person or organisation has ceased to exist. Short title, extent, and commencement, - (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. (2) In this Act, “Principal Act” means the Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 19821. 4. We will concisely discuss these topics and move on to further discussions. Short title, extent, and commencement: • (1) This Act may be called the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. Intentionally kill, injure or take any wild bird. (a) his stocks, if any, as at the end of the specified date of—. Clear IAS 2021 with BYJU’S “; or (iii) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that is a controlled specimen.”. The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 was amended in 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993, 2002, 2006, and 2013. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, provided for the protection of the wild animals, birds and plants. 4. 2. “(v) the specimen is, or is derived from, an animal specimen that is a controlled specimen; or”. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993 etc., to accommodate various provisions for its effective implementation. “(7) In subsection (2), a reference to public notice is a reference to a notice published: (b)    in each State and internal Territory in a newspaper circulating generally in that State or Territory; and. Finally, the Wildlife Protection Act was passed in 1972. In this edition of This Day in History, you can read all about the Wildlife Protection Act, its … This Act commences on the day on which it receives the Royal Assent. For previous amendments, see No. Appointment of Director and other officers. The Principal Act is amended as set out in the Schedule. it will be under the control of an inspector all the time that it is in that Territory.”. This amendment was made on the basis of recommendations of Indian Wildlife Board and Ministry of Environment and Forest. 1306 (102nd). (b)    declare a controlled specimen under section 10a; the Designated Authority must send each person and organisation on the register maintained under section 9a written notice of the proposal and, without contravening the Privacy Act 1986, sufficient information to enable the person or organisation to consider adequately the merits of the proposal. (c)      it will be under the control of an inspector all the time that it is in that Territory.”. The Environmental Protection Act 1990. the Designated Authority becomes satisfied that: in each State and internal Territory in a newspaper circulating generally in that State or Territory; and, declare an approved management program under section 10; or, declare a controlled specimen under section 10, the Designated Authority must send each person and organisation on the register maintained under section. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Wildlife . “(4) The Minister may make a decision under subsection (2) or (3) about specimens of a particular kind even though the decision is: (a)      limited to specimens taken during a particular period; or, (b)      limited to a particular number or other quantity of the specimens; or, (c)      subject to the existence of particular circumstances; or. Definitions CHAPTER II - [ PDF ] 1. By this act, hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed. The act extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act. Protection of wild birds Definition. Current Science is a fortnightly journal published since 1932 by the Current Science Association, Bangalore (India) in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences. “(3) The Minister is not to make the proposed declaration unless the Minister has considered all comments on the proposal given under subsection (2).”. 6Sec. 1984 c. 60. The Wildlife Protection Act, Rules 1973 and Amendment 1991 provides for the protection of birds and animals and for all matters that are connected to it whether it be their habitat or the waterhole or the forests that sustain them. In such cases, the courier is charged under the Customs Act and the Foreign Trade (Development and Regulation) Act for not having a no objection certificate (NOC) for their "goods". The Act is applicable for Union Territories as well. Intentionally take, damage or destroy the nest of any wild bird while it is in use or being built. Section .4 of the Principal Act is amended by inserting in subsection (1) the following definition: “ ‘controlled specimen’ means a specimen that is a controlled specimen because of a declaration in force under section 10a;”. WILDLIFE PROTECTION ACT Act 16 of 1987 amended by Act 42 of 1988 Act 16 of 1991 Printed and published with the authority of the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines . —inviting persons and organisations on the register to have their names and postal addresses left on the register. 133 of 1991 as made: An Act to amend the Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Act 1982: Administered by: Agriculture, Water and the Environment The Jammu and Kashmir Forest (Subordinate) Service Recruitment Rules, 1991. THE INDIAN WILDLIFE (PROTECTION) ACT, 1972 (as amended upto 1993) CONTENTS CHAPTER I - [ PDF ] Preliminary. (b)     in the case of the second or a later notice given when there is a person or organisation on the register—inviting persons and organisations on the register to have their names and postal addresses left on the register. The Act has 7 Chapters, 66 Sections and 6 Schedules as of today. Section 63 of the Principal Act is amended: (b)      by omitting from subparagraph (3) (a) (ii) “matter or thing” and substituting “goods”; (c)      by adding at the end the following subsection: ‘goods’ includes documents but does not include any specimen or any article to which subsection 4 (2) applies.”. is to be in writing sent to the Designated Authority at a place specified in the notice accompanied, except in the case of an invitation under paragraph (2) (b), by particulars of the name and postal address of the acceptor; and, (i) in the case of a person, or organisation, in existence on the publication of the notice, —within one month after that publication; and. Current Science The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 provides the basic framework to ensure the protection and management of wildlife. Section 80 of the Principal Act is amended by inserting after paragraph (1) (a) the following paragraphs: “(aa) the revocation by the Minister under paragraph 10 (3) (e) of a declaration; (ab) a declaration by the Minister under subsection 10a (2) or (3); (ac) the revocation by the Minister under paragraph 10a (4) (f) of a declaration;”. “(2) As soon as practicable after the commencement of this section and on each anniversary of that commencement, the Designated Authority must give public notice: (a)     inviting persons and organisations to have their names and postal addresses entered on the register; and. The Act was amended in January 2003 and punishment and penalty for offences under the Act have been made more stringent. 1991 Wildlife and Countryside (Amendment) Act 1991 Deer Act 1991 Badgers Act 1991 Natural Heritage (Scotland) Act 1991 Water Resources Act 1991 Water Industry Act 1992 Protection of Badgers Act 1992 Sea Fisheries (Wildlife Conservation) Act 1993 Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1994 Conservation (Natural Habitats etc.) 1987 c. 28. a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 3. Every PA is typically classified as a Wildlife Division and is headed by a Deputy Conservator of Forests (DCF). All Rights Reserved. The Act was amended subsequently in 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993 etc., to accommodate various provisions for its effective implementation. In 1991 the Wild Life Act was further amended. Prohibition Of Trade Or Commerce In Trophies, Animal Articles, Etc. The wildlife (protection) act, 1972 : (as amended upto 1991) Complete Title: The wildlife (protection) act, 1972 : (as amended upto 1991) SCHEDULE                                               Section 16, AMENDMENTS RELATING TO CONTROLLED SPECIMENS. Mar 6, 1991. In GovTrack.us, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress. 22, 1984; No. with the permission of the Chief Wildlife Warden. CWLW, are not full-filling their statutory duties comprehensively, as provided under the Act. (f)   where paragraph (c) or (d) applies—the Minister is to revoke the declaration that the specimens are controlled specimens if he or she becomes satisfied that: (ii) that condition has been contravened. An Act for the protection, preservation and management of wildlife for the purposes of maintaining a healthy ecosystem and safeguarding public safety and health, and for related matters. The West Indian manatee, a species classified as "threatened" under US wildlife protection laws, was found on Sunday in the headwaters of the Homosassa River on the state's west coast. The act has 6 schedules and each schedule guarantees varied degrees of protection to animals and plants. H.R. The Wildlife Protection and Management Act (under review at the time of writing) provides for wildlife protection, conservation and management by mandating compliance with trade restrictions for export and import of animals and plants listed under the United Nations Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES; Muldoon et al., 2016). Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plants and animal species of India. Also read about challenges & issues with Wildlife Protection Act in India. 141, 1987); and No. (b)   received written notice from the Designated Authority authorising the export of the specimen without the production of the permit or authority.”; (b) by inserting after subsection (1) the following subsection: “(1a) The Designated Authority must not give the notice referred to in paragraph (1) (b) unless he or she: (a)      is satisfied that the production of the permit or authority is impracticable; and, (b)     endorses a copy of the permit or authority to show that the notice is being given; and. This Act has been amended 6 times till now—in 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993, 2002 and 2006. 39. number 9 of 1991. radiological protection act, 1991. an act to provide for the establishment of an institute to be called the radiological protection institute of … 3. The number of Schedules in the Wildlife (Protection) and 11 (Part n> (21 entries) (TabIe 2>" In addition< 531 Act increased from five in 1972 when the Act first ot ,he 638 new Plants and animals that find a Place in came into force to six in 1991 when for the first time the Schedules have been added to Schedules I … “; or (iv) the specimen is, or is derived from, a plant specimen, that is a controlled specimen.”. The Indian Forest Act, 1927 (Modified as on 24th Dec., 2018) J&K specific amendment of Indian Forest Act dated 18-02-2020 [S.O. Schedule I Animals. 99, 1988. (c) in each external Territory that the Minister considers appropriate (if any) in a newspaper circulating generally in that external Territory. Before 1972,India only had five designated national parks. Hence, in 1991 Amendment Act, hunting of all wild animals except vermin was prohibited. To facilitate limited harvest of certain wildlife species, or manage adverse effects they cause, a species may be given a lower level of protection. “(3) A notice must state that the acceptance of an invitation: (a)     is to be in writing sent to the Designated Authority at a place specified in the notice accompanied, except in the case of an invitation under paragraph (2) (b), by particulars of the name and postal address of the acceptor; and, (i) in the case of a person, or organisation, in existence on the publication of the notice—within one month after that publication; and. CHAPTER I - Preliminary 1 . Published By: Current Science Association, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. 120, 1986 (as amended by No. This law applies to the whole country except the state of Jammu & Kashmir which has its own act for the same purpose. Insert the following word and subparagraph: “; or (iv) the specimen is, or is derived from, a plant specimen that is a controlled specimen.”. The rationale for the passing of the Act It prohibits certain methods of killing or taking wild animals. —the Minister is to revoke the declaration that the specimens are controlled specimens if he or she becomes satisfied that: the size of the populations of the animals or plants from which the specimens would be taken; and, the potential impact on those populations of taking the specimens; and, any management program relating to those animals or plants; and, the extent of controls over the taking, possession and disposal of the specimens; and, the extent of any proposed or potential export or import, as the case requires, of the specimens for commercial purposes; and. For the purposes of Part 1 of the WCA 1981 a 'wild bird' is defined at Section 27 as: The Act has been amended in 1982, 1986, 1991 and 1993. “; or (iii) specimens that are, or are derived from, plant specimens that are controlled specimens.”. 2 (3) “big game” means any animal specified in Schedule III;” omitted by Act 44 of 1991, sec 5. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 currently consists of 7 chapters, its 66 sections and six schedules. —the Minister is to revoke the declaration if he or she becomes satisfied that: After section 10 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted: means a specimen that is, or is derived from, a native Australian animal or a native Australian plant other than: a live native Australian animal of a species included in the sub-phylum vertebrata, not being a fish; or, a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1; or. Wildlife Protection Act 1972 is first umbrella act which established schedules of protected plants and animal species of India. The Chief Wildlife Warden (CWLW) is the statutory authority, under the Wildlife Protection Act, who heads the Wildlife Wing of the department and exercises complete administrative control over Protected Areas (PAs) within a state. “(2) Where the Minister decides that it would be consistent with the object of this Act for ordinary Australian specimens of a particular kind to be taken from a particular place in Australia or an external Territory otherwise than in accordance with an approved management program and exported, he or she may, by signed instrument published in the Gazette, declare those specimens so taken to be controlled specimens for the purposes of this Act. Wildlife Act 1990 Section 1 c AT 2 of 1990 Page 7 c i e WILDLIFE ACT 1990 Received Royal Assent: 20 February 1990 Passed: 20 February 1990 Commenced: 1 January 1991 AN ACT to repeal and re-enact with amendments legislation for the protection of birds; to make new provision for the conservation of wild creatures and wild (1) This Act may be cited as the Wildlife Protection (Regulation of Exports and Imports) Amendment Act 1991. The wildlife ( protection ) act was enacted in 1972 and it has undergone amendments in 1982, 1986, 1991, 1993,2003 and 2006. 8. After section 10 of the Principal Act the following section is inserted: ‘ordinary Australian specimen’ means a specimen that is, or is derived from, a native Australian animal or a native Australian plant other than: (a)       a live native Australian animal of a species included in the sub-phylum vertebrata, not being a fish; or, (b)      a specimen specified in Part I of Schedule 1; or. 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