where is belize located

The Greek Orthodox Church has a presence in Santa Elena. It is the only Central American country with no Pacific coastline. Catholics formed 57% of the population in 1991, and dropped to 49% in 2000. [84], Belize became the first country in the world to completely ban bottom trawling in December 2010. [114] Being a small, multiethnic state, surrounded by Spanish-speaking nations, multilingualism is strongly encouraged. In 2007, Hurricane Dean made landfall as a Category 5 storm only 40 km (25 mi) north of the Belize–Mexico border. [137][138] Belize District (containing Belize City) had the most murders by far compared to all the other districts. The UDP regained power in the 1993 national election, and Esquivel became prime minister for a second time. [37] In 2005, the maritime wing became part of the Belizean Coast Guard. Belize is in Central America. [27], However, the end of slavery did little to change the former slaves' working conditions if they stayed at their trade. It was brought by British, German, and other settlers to the British colony of British Honduras. Belize won its opening match in the Centrobasquet Tournament, 2010, defeating Trinidad and Tobago, but lost badly to Mexico in a rematch of the COCABA final. Belize Map 1134 x 1341 size – click on image for full size. Just 300 meters offshore is The Belize Barrier Reef, the second longest reef in the world, covering 300 kilometers. [62], Belize's rugged geography has also made the country's coastline and jungle attractive to drug smugglers, who use the country as a gateway into Mexico. [61] The area of the country totals 22,960 square kilometres (8,865 sq mi), an area slightly larger than El Salvador, Israel, New Jersey or Wales. Belize is located in Central America and it is bordered to the north by Mexico, to the south and west by Guatemala and to the east by the Caribbean Sea. This means they use more biocapacity than Belize contains. From 3 to 5 September, the Spaniards tried to force their way through Montego Caye shoal, but were blocked by defenders. Former "extra special" mahogany or logwood cutters undergirded the early ascription of the capacities (and consequently the limitations) of people of African descent in the colony. Independence was achieved from the United Kingdom on 21 September 1981. Its birth rate was 22.9 births/1,000 population (2018 estimate), and the death rate was 4.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 estimate). [49] A similar referendum was to be held in Belize on 10 April 2019, but a court ruling led to its postponement. [12][25], When Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, the area of present-day Belize included three distinct Maya territories:[26]. To the west of Belize is the northernmost dep… Belize is located in Central America. Rutheiser, Charles C., "Structure of Belizean Society". In Merrill. Also, English is the primary language of public education, government and most media outlets. It is the only Central American country where English is the official language, while Belizean Creole is the most widely spoken national language, being the native language of over a third of the population. Among the British firms that dominated the colony in the late 19th century was the Belize Estate and Produce Company, which eventually acquired half of all privately held land and eventually eliminated peonage. Between about 2500 BC and 250 AD, the basic institutions of Maya civilization emerged. Fortis took over the management of BEL in 1999, at the invitation of the government of Belize in an attempt to mitigate prior financial problems with the locally managed utility. They look quite similar to Old Order Amish, but are different from them. On 8 February 2008, Dean Barrow was sworn in as prime minister after his UDP won a landslide victory in general elections. Belize lacks the violent class and racial conflict that has figured so prominently in the social life of its Central American neighbours. The Open Campus of the University of the West Indies has a site in Belize. [110], Because of conflicts in neighbouring Central American nations, Mestizo refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras have fled to Belize in significant numbers during the 1980s, and have been significantly adding to this group. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.[35]. Belize Estate's influence accounts in part for the colony's reliance on the mahogany trade throughout the rest of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. Reggae, dance hall, and soca imported from Jamaica and the rest of the West Indies, rap, hip-hop, heavy metal and rock music from the United States, are also popular among the youth of Belize. These Mennonites attracted people from different Anabaptist backgrounds who formed a new community. On the coast, there is a swampy coastal plain with mangrove swamps. All immigrant communities add to the diversity of Belizean food, including the Indian and Chinese communities. Important mangrove ecosystems are also represented across Belize's landscape. Infrastructure remains a major economic development challenge;[93] Belize has the region's most expensive electricity. Belize is a country with a small population which is located in the continent/region of North America.. Countries near Belize include Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua.. Its biggest cities and towns include Belize, San Ignacio, Orange Walk and Belmopan. He improvised on this observation by creating a sporting event on the difficult terrain of the Western Highway, which was then poorly built. Midday meals are the main meals for Belizeans, usually called "dinner". [19][20] Writers and historians have suggested several other possible etymologies, including postulated French and African origins.[19]. The south contains the low mountain range of the Maya Mountains. [104], The Garinagu (singular Garifuna), at around 4.5% of the population, are a mix of West/Central African, Arawak, and Island Carib ancestry. Belize × ... You can customize the map before you print! According to the 50-page voluntary national report Belize created on its progress toward the UN's 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, indigenous groups are not factored into the country's indicators whatsoever. Approximately 16,100 people speak the Arawakan-based Garifuna language,[119] and 6,900 Mennonites in Belize speak mainly Plautdietsch while a minority of Mennonites speak Pennsylvania German.[120]. Belize is a country located on the Caribbean coast of Northern Central America, on the Yucatan Peninsula. It extends for more than 180 miles (290 km) along the Caribbean coast of Belize. Central American immigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, & Nicaragua and expatriate Americans and Africans also began to settle in the country. The majority of the Mennonite population comprises so-called Russian Mennonites of German descent who settled in the Russian Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries. These minerals include dolomite, barite (source of barium), bauxite (source of aluminium), cassiterite (source of tin), and gold. Their estimates suggest this is the highest proportion of Baháʼís in any country. [136] In 2011, the government established a truce among many major gangs, lowering the murder rate. Despite being a relatively small country, Belize has an incredibly varied landscape. In addition, banks in Belize offer non-residents the ability to establish accounts. A mosque is at the Islamic Mission of Belize (IMB), also known as the Muslim Community of Belize. These beliefs, and the social practices they engender, help distinguish the middle group from the grass roots majority of the Belizean people. [143] In addition, the month of September is considered a special time of national celebration called September Celebrations with a whole month of activities on a special events calendar. Around 13.6% of Belize's territorial waters, which contain the Belize Barrier Reef, are also protected. On 11 November 2020, the People's United Party (PUP), led by Johnny Briceño, defeated the United Democratic Party (UDP) for the first time since 2003, having won 26 seats out of 31 to form the new government of Belize. [54] Despite these rulings, Belize has made little progress to support the land rights of indigenous communities; for instance, in the two years since the CCJ's decision, Belize's government has failed to launch the Mayan land registry, prompting the group to take action into its own hands. Defendants may, under certain circumstances, appeal their cases to the Caribbean Court of Justice. Shortly thereafter, Belize moved to the Central American region and won the Central American Games championship in 2001. [51], Belize backed the United Nations (UN) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2007, which established legal land rights to indigenous groups. [140], Political and economic power remain vested in the hands of the local elite. They vary, from foods such as rice and beans with or without coconut milk, tamales, "panades" (fried maize shells with beans or fish), meat pies, escabeche (onion soup), chimole (soup), caldo, stewed chicken, and garnaches (fried tortillas with beans, cheese, and sauce) to various constituted dinners featuring some type of rice and beans, meat and salad, or coleslaw. Over half the population is multilingual, with Spanish being the second most common spoken language. Spanish is the main language of most Mestizos and Spanish descendants, but many speak English and Belize Kriol fluently. Belize has a long coastline on the Caribbean Sea, and is on the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula. [79], Access to biocapacity in Belize is much higher than world average. The anniversary of the battle has been declared a national holiday in Belize and is celebrated to commemorate the "first Belizeans" and the defence of their territory. [14] It became a British colony in 1840, known as British Honduras, and a Crown colony in 1862. [147] Biles is of Belizean-American descent. Belize (/bəˈliːz/ (listen)), formerly known as British Honduras, is a Caribbean country located on the northeastern coast of Central America. [92] In agriculture, sugar, like in colonial times, remains the chief crop, accounting for nearly half of exports, while the banana industry is the largest employer. Central America is the isthmus … [141] In 2013, the UN gave Belize a Gender Inequality Index score of 0.435, ranking it 79th out of 148 countries. The main British force left in 1994, three years after Guatemala recognized Belizean independence, but the United Kingdom maintained a training presence via the British Army Training and Support Unit Belize (BATSUB) and 25 Flight AAC until 2011 when the last British Forces left Ladyville Barracks, with the exception of seconded advisers. The Maya use maize, beans, or squash for most meals, and the Garifuna are fond of seafood, cassava (particularly made into cassava bread or ereba), and vegetables. Belize is located on the Caribbean coast of Central America. [37], These districts are further divided into 31 constituencies. Belize has a long coastline on the Caribbean Sea. On Easter day, citizens of Dangriga participate in a yearly fishing tournament. The first British permanent settlement was founded around 1716 in what became the Belize District,[27] and during the 18th century, established a system using black slaves to cut logwood trees. [136], In 2018, 143 murders were recorded in Belize, giving the country a homicide rate of 36 murders per 100,000 inhabitants, one of the highest in the world, but lower than the neighbouring countries of Honduras and El Salvador. After a generation of wrangling, slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1833. [44] Roughly 43% of the country's population (≈154,949 Belizeans) reside in this region.[45]. [121] Until the late 1990s, Belize was a Roman Catholic majority country. Average rainfall varies considerably, from 1,350 millimetres (53 in) in the north and west to over 4,500 millimetres (180 in) in the extreme south. The country shares borders with Mexico to the north and Guatemalato the south and west. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Belize City, Belize. [112], Approximately 50% of Belizeans self-identify as Mestizo, Latino, or Hispanic and 30% speak Spanish as a native language. [138] The violence in Belize City (especially the southern part of the city) is largely due to gang warfare. [116][117][118] We also have the lowest population density in Central America with 35 people per square mile or 14 people per square kilometer. [58] It is yet to be seen if the Belizean government will highlight the consequences of the territorial claim on indigenous land rights prior to the referendum vote in 2019.[59]. [citation needed], The remaining 5% or so of the population consist of a mix of Indians, Chinese, Whites from the United Kingdom, United States and Canada, and many other foreign groups brought to assist the country's development. Belize is an original member (1995) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), and participates actively in its work. Belize is located in Central America, which is also part of North America. Belize Bordering Countries : Mexico, Guatemala. Central America is the narrow piece of land bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the West and the Caribbean Sea on the East, and connects North America to South America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the east and south. The percentage of Roman Catholics in the population has been decreasing in the past few decades due to the growth of Protestant churches, other religions and non-religious people.[122]. [13] European exploration was begun by English settlers in 1638. Prior to about 2500 BC, some hunting and foraging bands settled in small farming villages; they domesticated crops such as corn, beans, squash, and chili peppers. Three Maya groups now inhabit the country: The Yucatec (who came from Yucatán, Mexico, to escape the savage Caste War of the 1840s), the Mopan (indigenous to Belize but were forced out to Guatemala by the British for raiding settlements; they returned to Belize to evade enslavement by the Guatemalans in the 19th century), and Q'eqchi' (also fled from slavery in Guatemala in the 19th century). Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin. [98], Belize's population is estimated to be 360,346 in 2017,[99] and estimated at 408,487 in 2019. Said Musa, the son of an immigrant from Palestine, was the Prime Minister of Belize from 1998 to 2008. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. Belize is in South America Myth. [142] 13.3% of the seats in Belize's National Assembly are filled by women.[142]. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. In 2012, tourist arrivals totalled 917,869 (with about 584,683 from the United States) and tourist receipts amounted to over $1.3 billion. The Mestizos are the largest ethnic group in Belize and make up approximately half of the population. In addition to Catholics, there has always been a large accompanying Protestant minority. 1. As a colony, Belize began to attract British investors. [133] It also has campuses in Barbados, Trinidad, and Jamaica. [101] The latter groups are chiefly found in the Toledo District. [63] In 2011, the United States added Belize to the list of nations considered major drug producers or transit countries for narcotics. The utility encountered serious financial problems after the country's Public Utilities Commission (PUC) in 2008 "disallowed the recovery of previously incurred fuel and purchased power costs in customer rates and set customer rates at a level that does not allow BEL to earn a fair and reasonable return", Fortis said in a June 2011 statement. It is also vital to its fishing industry. Temperatures are slightly higher inland, except for the southern highland plateaus, such as the Mountain Pine Ridge, where it is noticeably cooler year round. Central Ameri… [79], The government of Belize faces important challenges to economic stability. A combination of natural factors—climate, the Belize Barrier Reef, over 450 offshore Cays (islands), excellent fishing, safe waters for boating, scuba diving, snorkelling and freediving, numerous rivers for rafting, and kayaking, various jungle and wildlife reserves of fauna and flora, for hiking, bird watching, and helicopter touring, as well as many Maya sites—support the thriving tourism and ecotourism industry. [65] Belize's low human population and approximately 22,970 square kilometres (8,867 sq mi) of undistributed land make for an ideal home for the more than 5,000 species of plants and hundreds of species of animals, including armadillos, snakes, and monkeys. LXXIII An Act for the Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Colonies; for promoting the Industry of the manumitted Slaves; and for compensating the Persons hitherto entitled to the Services of such Slaves", CARICOM – Member Country Profile – BELIZE, "Belize elects opposition leader to succeed retiring leader", "New Lease of Life for British Army Base in Belize", "Belizean Coast Guard hits the high seas", "Belize, Military and Security, The World Factbook", "Belize: Districts, Towns & Villages - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information", "Belize, Transnational Issues, The World Factbook", "Guatemalan President teaches students to draw Guatemalan map with Belize included", "Belize-Guatemala border tensions rise over shooting – BBC News", Why Belize Is Likely to Prevail in Its Territorial Dispute With Guatemala, "Belize to hold a referendum on Guatemala territorial dispute - Durham University", "ICJ Referendum postponed until further notice", "Extension of the time-limits for the filing of the initial pleadings", "The Full Participation of Belize's Indigenous People is Crucial to Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals", "Historic Legal Victory for Indigenous Peoples in Belize | Rights + Resources", "SATIIM launches Maya lands registry to celebrate UN Indigenous Peoples day", https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/16389Belize.pdf, "Small And Isolated, Belize Attracts Drug Traffickers", "Mexican drug cartels reach into tiny Belize", "Forest Cover and Deforestation in Belize: 1980–2010. 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