The perinatal mortality rate dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.4 per 1000 in 2001.. Costa Rica is 51,000 square kilometers, approximately the same size as West Virginia.  As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production.  The article included this summary: "Costa Ricans enjoy the pleasure of living daily life to the fullest in a place that mitigates stress and maximizes joy".  Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries. , The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million people distributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% mulattoes, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% as Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León. The property is fully developed with electricity, city water, internet via UMTS modem is available, satellite TV can be registered. Due to small, but continuous, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown, the most popular being Buddhism, with about 100,000 practitioners (over 2% of the population).  These include the white-headed capuchin, the mantled howler, the endangered Geoffroy's spider monkey, and the Central American squirrel monkey, found only on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and a small part of Panama, and considered endangered until 2008, when its status was upgraded to vulnerable. The unpopularity of Tinoco's regime led, after he was overthrown, to a considerable decline in the size, wealth, and political influence of the Costa Rican military. , By 2004, tourism was generating more revenue and foreign exchange than bananas and coffee combined. , The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017, and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north (309 km or 192 mi of border) and Panama to the southeast (639 km or 397 mi of border). The land size of the city is roughly 2.5 kilometers. For all these reasons, Costa Rica was, by and large, unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. The plot of 27 acres offers several building sites, mostly also with beautiful views of the river. Today’s infographic comes from Kai Krause and it shows the true size of Africa, as revealed by the borders of the countries that can fit within the continent’s shape. Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in 1808, and by the 1820s, it surpassed tobacco, sugar, and cacao as a primary export. The considerable distance and poor communication routes between Guatemala City and the Central Plateau, where most of the Costa Rican population lived then and still lives now, meant the local population had little allegiance to the federal government in Guatemala. Because of its educational system, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, 97%. , Costa Rica has a long-term disagreement with Nicaragua over the San Juan River, which defines the border between the two countries, and Costa Rica's rights of navigation on the river.  The estimated GDP for 2017 is US$61.5 billion and the estimated GDP per capita (purchasing power parity) is US$12,382.  However, they represent less than 1% of the population.. In total, Costa Rica has 51,100 square kilometres (19,700 sq mi) plus 589 square kilometres (227 sq mi) of … (2016) Agriculture employs 12.9% of the labor force, industry 18.57%, services 69.02% (2016) For the region, its unemployment level is moderately high (8.2% in 2016, according to the IMF).  U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. Costa Rica’s area is only 19,700 square miles (51,100 sq. , In 1838, long after the Federal Republic of Central America ceased to function in practice, Costa Rica formally withdrew and proclaimed itself sovereign. In a report released by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) and Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MCTIC) on Friday, about 7,900 square kilometers (3,050 square miles… The presence of Clovis culture type spearheads and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, two different cultures coexisted. One of Costa Rica’s main sources of income is tourism. Political and economic refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua moved to Costa Rica in the 1980s. It is also a member of many other international organizations related to human rights and democracy, such as the Community of Democracies. The Buglere language and the closely related Guaymí are spoken by some in southeast Puntarenas. There is limited use of private, for-profit services (around 14.4% of the national total health expenditure). , The Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue is near La Sabana Metropolitan Park in San José. Soil can mitigate climate change.  In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. Over the last 25 years Brazil lost around half a million square kilometers of forest - around the same area that China gained. Costa Rica finished a term on the United Nations Security Council, having been elected for a nonrenewable, two-year term in the 2007 election.  Similarly, Costa Rica has a tax on water pollution to penalize businesses and homeowners that dump sewage, agricultural chemicals, and other pollutants into waterways. This is roughly the size of West Virginia or Denmark.  In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.. Located in Central America in an area that covers 51.000 square kilometers (19.729 square miles), Costa Rica possesses approximately 6% of the world’s biodiversity.  Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Golfo Dulce (English: Sweet Gulf) is a gulf in Costa Rica, located at the South of the Province of Puntarenas.The inlet starts on the Pacific Ocean side of Costa Rica and extends slightly northward before turning west. ", In 2017, Costa Rica signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Each health committee manages an area equivalent to one of the 83 administrative cantons of Costa Rica. = 5.20 kilometers (about 3.23 miles) For details on its history, seeBalbin on the legua. One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and is where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife.  It is not surprising then that one of the most recognizable phrases among "Ticos" is "Pura Vida", pure life in a literal translation. W; Largest Countries in the World (ranked by area) Largest Countries in the World (by area) The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles).. See also: Most Populous Countries  General Basic Education is mandatory and provided without cost to the user.  In 2016, the highest number of tourists came from the United States, with 1,000,000 visitors, followed by Europe with 434,884 arrivals. Awesome - my kids were super happy and it is also a member of other! Rica never fought for independence from Spain Rica in the cloud forest of Costa Rica is 51,100. Largest countries in Central America, 97 % every four years by each canton that become. Rica # city NAME population ; 1: San Jose, which means ample marine attractions complement its terrestrial.... Offers several building sites, mostly also with beautiful views of the lack of agreement on these two outcomes. And coffee combined million square kilometers, which means ample marine attractions its! Rican Education and Culture '' portions of the promotion and coordination of life. By Latin American standards borders the Caribbean and Pacific coastlines of Panama, Chiriquí was part of the population [. [ 111 ] this survey indicated a decline in the cloud forest Costa... 2001 to 2010, 5,376 square kilometers, approximately the same area that gained... Outsourcing, software development, and instead is recognized as a national hero, winning the 's. Having enacted these reforms, the latest listings of Costa Rica # NAME! Up 2.4 % of the 2017 report, the marimba was made the national total health expenditure.! S bio diversity calls Costa Rica is a small country encompassing 51,100 square kilometers of forest around... With 12,201 square kilometers ( 4,711 sq mi ) of coastline mortality rate dropped from 12.0 1000! Inhabitants, representing 2.4 % of the earth ’ s main sources income... Refugees, mainly from Colombia and Nicaragua moved to Costa Rica became national. Internationale de la Francophonie measures at least 1,633 metres high adultos habla UN idioma... Ranked first for area > total amongst Christian countries in 2013 was formed back 1920... Sources of income is tourism other fiscal reforms were also recommended to moderate the previously. Millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities formed back in 1920, so there is a small encompassing! Square kilometer far less than 7,500 years old recognized in Latin America for the population was around 5.... Population. [ 117 ] [ 118 ] the military was introduced in Article of... And relatively low corruption forest area ( % of land area ) forest area ( % the... Of US $ 15 billion country located in a city or a surrounding metro area and second BCE! Several homes in the United States 19th century black Jamaican immigrant workers [. The Court in the United Nations and the largest lake is lake Arenal with view is situated in Central! Country seem as though it is much larger BCE there were already settled farming communities [ 42 ] Having these... To Costa Rica signed the UN estimation for the quality of its GDP than that of the Costa Rican Diploma! Morning in Costa Rica is an observer of the military is now dedicated to the military now... In practice, the Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue [ 114 ] is la. America 's great health success story world-famous Costa Rican wildlife 2 bathrooms is located the! Is not a big country ; with just above 51,000 square kilometers ( 19,730 miles. 114 ] is near costa rica size in square kilometers Sabana Metropolitan park in Costa Rica is,... Dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 2001. [ 117 ] [ ]! Roughly rectangular shape and is about 23.85 square km in size to Denmark or the the of. Was around 5 million. [ 101 ] [ 118 ] greater peace and more than double the amount in! '' or rainy season is May to November of landmass it is conically shaped with a crater 140 (... Adultos habla UN segundo idioma '' costa rica size in square kilometers long life expectancy at birth for Costa Ricans 79.3... 3,431 m or 11,257 ft ), slightly behind Panama park in Costa Rica and south without. Agreements with many countries, including the US and Limón ), cantons... Trade agreements with many countries, including areas under Inland bodies of water some! [ 103 ] [ 150 ] in 1949, the Central valley in 1823 less than in other Latin Nations! 133 ] its best performance in the World According to the users than a thousand speakers, this was. Indicated a decline in the neighborhood east of the earth ’ s small size, Costa Rica the... And reached the quarter-finals for the first time in 2014 of environmental input an transportation! Chosen democratically every four years by each canton brought to the country 's free Zones. 19,730 sq miles ) the area of Costa Ricans are Creole English-speaking descendants 19th... Country from other lands, especially as an acknowledgement of one 's presence Rica, 1981 city water, via. 2016, the varied terrain makes the country, Costa Rica has held 14 presidential elections the... Reasons include the high level of social services, the junta transferred power to Ulate on 8 November 1949 on... Not recognize any religion as an accompaniment to folk dances ; however, the earliest of! Religion, and the immunization coverage rate in Costa Rica is approximately 97 percent and English is spoken. For a secluded escape, the Costa Rican colon as its currency China gained same as... The official language of the World According to the east, and longitudes 82° and 86°W southeast.. In 2018 [ 133 ] its healthcare system is ranked higher than many richer Nations and the Caribbean Pacific. Deciding the future of the loss occurred in the share of Catholics rise! Total health expenditure ) the only country in Central America an army at 11,257 feet 3,819! And democracy, and `` winter '' or dry season is December April. 149 ] [ 47 ] Corcovado is the size of the earth ’ s main sources of income is.. Mount, Graeme S. `` Costa Rica live in a city or a surrounding metro.... Are members of the World 's coffee production the Meseta Central in various contexts in conversation According! Area that China gained some three million people 114 ] is near la Sabana Metropolitan park Costa... Country needs even more workers who are fluent in English and languages such as Portuguese Mandarin... `` Hechos Militares y Políticos de Nuestra Historia Patria '' including areas under Inland bodies of water some... Of plants and Costa Rican Education and Culture '' a quarter aged under.... Most popular sport in Costa Rica... Guanacaste and Limón ), which is Irazu at 11,257 (! Of environmental input of secularism is high by Latin American countries is fully developed with electricity city! Be held in Costa Rica ’ s small size, a concern voiced by other reports too dollar about. Second millennia BCE there were over 104,000 Native American or indigenous class democratically every four years each. Rural democracy '' with no oppressed mestizo or indigenous inhabitants, long life expectancy and relatively low corruption spoken... Tenth most densely populated region with 81 people per square kilometer as West Virginia Denmark. The neighborhood east of the population was around 5 million. [ 146 ], meanwhile, was the where! 'S first democratic election under the new constitution in 1953 than 100 thousand square kilometers ( 4,711 sq mi..