The perinatal mortality rate dropped from 12.0 per 1000 in 1972 to 5.4 per 1000 in 2001.[146]. Costa Rica is 51,000 square kilometers, approximately the same size as West Virginia. [70] As a small country, Costa Rica now provides under 1% of the world's coffee production. [122] The article included this summary: "Costa Ricans enjoy the pleasure of living daily life to the fullest in a place that mitigates stress and maximizes joy". [58] Companies with facilities in the America Free Zone in Heredia, for example, include Intel, Dell, HP, Bayer, Bosch, DHL, IBM and Okay Industries. [98][99], The 2011 census counted a population of 4.3 million people[100] distributed among the following groups: 83.6% whites or mestizos, 6.7% mulattoes, 2.4% Native American, 1.1% black or Afro-Caribbean; the census showed 1.1% as Other, 2.9% (141,304 people) as None, and 2.2% (107,196 people) as unspecified. That date is still celebrated as Independence Day in Costa Rica[26] even though, technically, under the Spanish Constitution of 1812 that had been readopted in 1820, Nicaragua and Costa Rica had become an autonomous province with its capital in León. The property is fully developed with electricity, city water, internet via UMTS modem is available, satellite TV can be registered. Due to small, but continuous, immigration from Asia and the Middle East, other religions have grown, the most popular being Buddhism, with about 100,000 practitioners (over 2% of the population). [48] These include the white-headed capuchin, the mantled howler, the endangered Geoffroy's spider monkey,[48][49] and the Central American squirrel monkey, found only on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and a small part of Panama, and considered endangered until 2008, when its status was upgraded to vulnerable. The unpopularity of Tinoco's regime led, after he was overthrown, to a considerable decline in the size, wealth, and political influence of the Costa Rican military. [82], By 2004, tourism was generating more revenue and foreign exchange than bananas and coffee combined. [52], The country has been considered economically stable with moderate inflation, estimated at 2.6% in 2017,[53] and moderately high growth in GDP, which increased from US$41.3 billion in 2011 to US$52.6 billion in 2015. Costa Rica also borders Nicaragua to the north (309 km or 192 mi of border) and Panama to the southeast (639 km or 397 mi of border). The land size of the city is roughly 2.5 kilometers. For all these reasons, Costa Rica was, by and large, unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. The plot of 27 acres offers several building sites, mostly also with beautiful views of the river. Today’s infographic comes from Kai Krause and it shows the true size of Africa, as revealed by the borders of the countries that can fit within the continent’s shape. Coffee was first planted in Costa Rica in 1808,[31] and by the 1820s, it surpassed tobacco, sugar, and cacao as a primary export. The considerable distance and poor communication routes between Guatemala City and the Central Plateau, where most of the Costa Rican population lived then and still lives now, meant the local population had little allegiance to the federal government in Guatemala. Because of its educational system, Costa Rica has one of the highest literacy rates in Latin America, 97%. [91], Costa Rica has a long-term disagreement with Nicaragua over the San Juan River, which defines the border between the two countries, and Costa Rica's rights of navigation on the river. [54] The estimated GDP for 2017 is US$61.5 billion and the estimated GDP per capita (purchasing power parity) is US$12,382. [116] However, they represent less than 1% of the population.[117][118]. In total, Costa Rica has 51,100 square kilometres (19,700 sq mi) plus 589 square kilometres (227 sq mi) of … (2016)[53] Agriculture employs 12.9% of the labor force, industry 18.57%, services 69.02% (2016)[61] For the region, its unemployment level is moderately high (8.2% in 2016, according to the IMF). [37] U.S. convicts, Italians and Chinese immigrants also participated in the construction project. Costa Rica’s area is only 19,700 square miles (51,100 sq. [27][28][29], In 1838, long after the Federal Republic of Central America ceased to function in practice, Costa Rica formally withdrew and proclaimed itself sovereign. In a report released by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA) and Science, Technology, Innovation and Communications (MCTIC) on Friday, about 7,900 square kilometers (3,050 square miles… The presence of Clovis culture type spearheads and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, two different cultures coexisted. One of Costa Rica’s main sources of income is tourism. Political and economic refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua moved to Costa Rica in the 1980s. It is also a member of many other international organizations related to human rights and democracy, such as the Community of Democracies. The Buglere language and the closely related Guaymí are spoken by some in southeast Puntarenas. There is limited use of private, for-profit services (around 14.4% of the national total health expenditure). [113], The Sinagoga Shaarei Zion synagogue[114] is near La Sabana Metropolitan Park in San José. Soil can mitigate climate change. [43] In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. Over the last 25 years Brazil lost around half a million square kilometers of forest - around the same area that China gained. Costa Rica finished a term on the United Nations Security Council, having been elected for a nonrenewable, two-year term in the 2007 election. [72] Similarly, Costa Rica has a tax on water pollution to penalize businesses and homeowners that dump sewage, agricultural chemicals, and other pollutants into waterways. This is roughly the size of West Virginia or Denmark. [108] In 2016, the country was called a "magnet" for migrants from South and Central America and other countries who were hoping to reach the U.S.[109][110]. Located in Central America in an area that covers 51.000 square kilometers (19.729 square miles), Costa Rica possesses approximately 6% of the world’s biodiversity. [11] Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Golfo Dulce (English: Sweet Gulf) is a gulf in Costa Rica, located at the South of the Province of Puntarenas.The inlet starts on the Pacific Ocean side of Costa Rica and extends slightly northward before turning west. "[44], In 2017, Costa Rica signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. Each health committee manages an area equivalent to one of the 83 administrative cantons of Costa Rica. = 5.20 kilometers (about 3.23 miles) For details on its history, seeBalbin on the legua. One national park, the Corcovado National Park, is internationally renowned among ecologists for its biodiversity (including big cats and tapirs) and is where visitors can expect to see an abundance of wildlife. [123] It is not surprising then that one of the most recognizable phrases among "Ticos" is "Pura Vida", pure life in a literal translation. W; Largest Countries in the World (ranked by area) Largest Countries in the World (by area) The largest country in the world is Russia with a total area of 17,098,242 Km² (6,601,665 mi²) and a land area of 16,376,870 Km² (6,323,142 mi²), equivalent to 11% of the total world's landmass of 148,940,000 Km² (57,510,000 square miles).. See also: Most Populous Countries [65] General Basic Education is mandatory and provided without cost to the user. [80] In 2016, the highest number of tourists came from the United States, with 1,000,000 visitors, followed by Europe with 434,884 arrivals. Awesome - my kids were super happy and it is also a member of other! Rica never fought for independence from Spain Rica in the cloud forest of Costa Rica is 51,100. Largest countries in Central America, 97 % every four years by each canton that become. 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